My Maternal 13Th. Great Grandfather, Hector Mor MacLean, 12Th. Chief of Clan MacLean, Scotland

duart_castle_mull_scotland

Born: 1497 in Duart Castle, Argyll and Bute, Scotland, United Kingdom

Hector Mor MacLean, 12th Chief (1497-1568)

Biography: Lachlan Cattanach Maclean, 11th Chief was succeeded as chieftain and Lord of Duart by his son Eachann, better known as Hector Mor Maclean, or Hector the Great, in 1527. He is described by the seanachaidhs as being good, kind, affectionate, and brave, an accomplished politician and an approved warrior; and that in him the clan realized all it desired in a noble chieftain. To most of his vassals he granted extended leases, by way of encouragement in the improvement of lands and the building of more comfortable dwellings. He lived altogether, while permitted to do so by his troublesome neighbors with which he was surrounded, more like a noble of modern times than a feudal baron. He made many improvements on the demesne of Duard; and was the founder of that noble addition to Duart Castle called the Great Tower. His alliance was courted by many of the powerful lords; and the king thought it of importance to secure his loyalty by calling him into his council. Hence, we find him taking his seat in parliament as one of the lords of the kingdom. In private life his character was above reproach, and in his warlike pursuits he acted upon that system which had legal sanction. (Source: Wikipedia)

Marriage and children:

Eachuinn Mor Maclean married Margaret (of The Isles) MacDonald in about 1529 in Scotland, of Islay and the Glens, daughter of Alexander MacDonald, 5th of Dunnyveg. She was born: about 1480 in Scotland, United Kingdom.

They had two sons and seven daughters:

Hector Og Maclean, 13th Chief, his heir and successor

John Dubh Maclean of Morvern, predecessor of the family of Kinlochaline Castle

Marian Maclean, married to Norman MacLeod of Harris

Mary Maclean, married to Donald MacDonald of Sleat

Catherine Maclean I, died unmarried

Catherine Maclean II, first to Archibald Campbell, 4th Earl of Argyll, and secondly to John Stewart of Appin. Catherine was a high-spirited woman, and was distinguished for her beauty and culture

Julian Maclean, married first to Calvagh O’Donnell of Tirconnell, and secondly to Shane O’Neill, Prince of Ulster. She died in 1585.

Una Maclean, to Cameron of Lochiel

Janet Maclean, to MacDonald of Keppoch.

Isle of Mull, Argyll, Scotland

Isle of Mull, Argyll, Scotland

Death: 15 Sept. 1568 in Duart Castle, Argyll, Scotland.

 

My Maternal Twelfth Great Grandfather, Hector Og Maclean, 13Th Chief of Clan Maclean, Scotland

duart_castle_mull_scotland

Birth: 1535 in Duart Castle, Duart, Argyll, Scotland

Married: 1557 in Isle of Mull, Argyll, Scotland to Janet Campbell

Perth-Perthshire-Scotland

Died: 2 April 1575 in Perth, Perthshire, Scotland

Hector Og MacLean, or Eachann Óg Maclean in Scottish Gaelic, or Hector Maclean the Younger (circa 1540-1573) was the 13th Chief of Clan MacLean.

At the death of his father, Hector Mor Maclean, 12th Chief, Hector Og became clan chief but lived only five years longer than his father. During which short period he not only spent, by his improvident conduct and profligacy, all the money left by the late noble chief, but burdened the estates with debt. He appears to have inherited nothing of the qualities which distinguished his father, but lived at peace in the free enjoyment of his pleasures. He was the only worthless chief of MacLean. He appears to have built for himself a residence at Iona, situated near the head of Port-a-Churraich, where traces of the house are extant.

Marriage and children:

Hector Og Maclean married Janet Campbell, daughter of the Archibald Campbell, 4th Earl of Argyll, in the year 1557 and had the following children:

Sir Lachlan Mor Maclean, his heir and successor

Mary Maclean, married to Angus MacDonald, 8th of Dunnyveg

Janet Maclean, married to Roderick MacLeod of Lewis

Marian Maclean, married to Hector Roy Maclean, 5th Laird of Coll

Death: during the latter part of 1573, or the beginning of 1574.

(Source: Wikipedia)

Loch Voil, Perthshire-Scotland

My Maternal Eleventh Great Grandfather, Sir Lachlan Mor MacLean, 14th. Chief of Clan MacLean, Duart, Isle of Mull, Scotland

argyll-bute-scotland-coastline

Sir Lachlan Mór Maclean (1558–1598) or Lachlan Maclean the Great, was the 14th Clan Chief of Clan MacLean from late 1573 or early 1574 until 1598.  Mór or Mor translates as great in English, or magnus in Latin, when added to a name in Scottish Gaelic.

Birth: 1558 to Eachuinn Og Maclean. Sir Lachlan became the 14th Maclean Clan Chief at the death of his father in 1573 or 1574.

“He was called ‘Big Lachlan,’ both on account of his stature and the greatness of his mind. He was the most accomplished and warlike chief that ever held sway in Duard. His military talents were of a very high order; his chivalrous character commanded the respect of his most inveterate foes, and his personal interest for and kindness toward his followers endeared him to his clansmen. So great were his qualities that historians have been forced to pay tribute to his memory.”

Marriage and children:

He married Lady Margaret Cunningham of Glencairn, daughter of William Cunningham, 6th Earl of Glencairn. They had the following children:

Hector Og Maclean, 15th Clan Chief

Lachlan Og Maclean, 1st Laird of Torloisk

Gillean Maclean, married to Mary the elder, daughter of John Dubh Maclean of Morvern

Allan Maclean, married to Mary the younger, daughter of John Dubh Maclean of Morvern

Charles Maclean

Bethag Maclean, married to Hector MacLean of Lochbuie, 9th Chief

Isle of Islay, Scotland

Battle of Traigh Ghruinneart

The Battle of Traigh Ghruinneart or in Scottish Gaelic Blàr Tràigh Ghruineart or sometimes called the Battle of Gruinart Strand was a Scottish clan battle fought on 5 August 1598, on the Isle of Islay, in the Scottish Highlands. Wikipedia
Date: August 5, 1598
Result: Clan Donald victory

Death: August 5, 1598 in the Battle of Traigh Ghruinneart on the Island of Islay. He was killed by the forces of Sir James MacDonald, 9th of Dunnyveg. His remains were left on the battlefield. A day or two after the battle, it is said that two women, of whom different accounts are given — some calling them strangers, some clanswomen, some relations of the dead — grieving to think that the body of so notable a chief as Sir Lachlan Mor should be unburied and uncared for on the moorland, came from a distance in search of it. They hired a vehicle, the only one to be had in the neighborhood, and having found the corpse, proceeded to carry it to the nearest burying-grounds, about six miles distant. The way was rough, and the driver looking behind him saw the head of the great chief, which extended beyond the car, nodding to him at every jolt, as if it had life, and were giving him directions. At the next heavy rut he looked again to please his savage soul with ferocious enjoyment. But this time the elder female, who had watched him, acted as described in the ballad, and killed the brutal driver with the chieftain’s dagger. Then, along with her companion, she brought the mortal remains of Sir Lachlan to the place where they still lie buried.

Kilnave Chapel and Cross, Isle of Islay, Scotland

Kilnave Chapel, Islay, Scotland

Sir Lachlan Mor MacLean was buried in the churchyard of Kilchoman on Islay, near the south wall of the church, and over his grave is laid a great stone. There is a churchyard, Kilnave, near the battle-field; but the body was taken to Kilchoman that it might be more honored, for he was buried inside the church, and when a new church was built there, around 1829, the wall was so constructed that the grave was left outside the church.

Legacy:

The plaque that marks the spot where he died says: “Lachlan Mor Maclean of Duart Fell Here. This cairn marks the spot where Maclean fell in the Battle of Traigh Ghruinneart. The battle is the best known incident of the long and bitter feud between the Macleans and the Macdonalds for control of the Rinns. Sir Lachlan was killed by his nephew, Sir James Macdonald of Knockrinsay.”

source: Wikipedia 

Birth: 1558 in Dowart, Skye, Inverness, Scotland

Argyll & Bute, Scotland

Married: about 1567 in Duart, Argyll, Scotland to Lady Margaretha Cunningham

Death: 5 August 1598 in Gruineart,  Argyll, Scotland

Lachlan Mor Maclean of Duart fell here

Lachlan Mor Maclean of Duart Fell Here. This cairn marks the spot where Maclean fell in the Battle of Traigh Ghruinneart. The battle is the best known incident of the long and bitter feud between the Macleans and the Macdonalds for control of the Rinns.

Maclean of Duart and Morven arms, image from Wikimedia Commons.

MacLeans of Duart and Morven arms, image from Wikimedia Commons.

 

My Maternal Tenth Great Grandfather, Sir Hector Og MacLean, 15th. Clan Chief of Clan MacLean, Scotland

Argyll & Bute, Scotland

Born: 1580 in Argyll, Scotland

Argyll (/ɑːrˈɡl/), archaically Argyle (Earra-Ghàidheal in modern Gaelicpronounced [ˈaːr̴əɣɛː.əɫ̪]), is an ancient shire of western Scotland. Its area corresponds with most of the modern council area of Argyll and Bute, excluding the island of Bute and the Helensburgh area, but including the Morvern and Ardnamurchan areas of the Highland council area. At present, Argyll (sometimes anglicised as Argyllshire) is one of the registration counties of Scotland.

Argyll is of ancient origin, and corresponds to most of the ancient kingdom of Dál Riata. Argyll was also a medieval bishopric with its cathedral at Lismore, as well as an early modern earldom and dukedom, the Dukedom of Argyll.

Argyll, archaically Argyle, is an ancient shire of western Scotland. Its area corresponds with most of the modern council area of Argyll and Bute, excluding the island of Bute and the Helensburgh area, … Wikipedia

Area: 3,110 mi²
County town: Inveraray

Married: Jeanette MacKenzie about 1597 in Scotland

Tobermory, Isle of Mull, Argyll and Bute, Scotland

Died: 1618 Tobermory, Argyll, Scotland

Sir Hector Og Maclean (1583–1623), or Eachann Óg Maclean in Scottish Gaelic, was the 15th Clan Chief of Clan Maclean in Scotland. Óg means younger in Scottish Gaelic.
Birth: He was born in 1583, the son of Sir Lachlan Mor Maclean the 14th Clan Chief. His father, Sir Lachlan, was killed in the Battle of Traigh Ghruinneart. Hector, then twenty years old, was then made Chief of Clan Maclean. His first act was to retaliate against Clan MacDonald for the death of his father.
Battle of Benbigrie:
He obtained a commission of fire and sword against the MacDonalds of Islay, and summoned the Chief of the Clan Mackinnon, MacLeod of Dunvegan, and MacNeil of Barra to his assistance. The Chief of the Camerons of Lochiel joined this force with his clan. The united clans, fully equipped, proceeded to Islay. Sir James MacDonald, 9th of Dunnyveg, in anticipation of this movement on the part of the young Lord of Duard, mustered together the whole gathering of Islay and Kintyre, and prepared himself for a conflict which he had reason to believe would be of a sanguinary nature. The hostile parties met at a place called Benbigrie, and as neither felt disposed to offer nor to accept terms, the result was an immediate battle. The followers of the Chief of Clan MacLean, upon this occasion, considerably outnumbered the MacDonalds; but Sir James MacDonald, 9th of Dunnyveg, well aware that he need hope for no reconciliation with his enraged kinsman, told his followers that in a resolute resistance alone existed any hope of safety to themselves or of protection to their homes. The MacDonalds, goaded to desperation by a knowledge of these facts, fought with uncontrollable fury, and it was not until the heights of Benbigrie were covered with their slain, and their chief carried off the field dangerously wounded, that their assailants succeeded in routing them. Overwhelmed by numbers the unfortunate MacDonalds were at length obliged to give way and fly in the utmost confusion, not knowing whither, neither mountain nor valley afforded them shelter from their victorious pursuers. A few, however, carrying with them their wounded chief, made their way to Kintyre, leaving Islay a prey to the ruthless invaders.
For three days the allied clans pursued the work of destruction with remorseless barbarity throughout the island. Every human habitation was burned to the ground; and the poor inhabitants were left to seek their only shelter in caves and clefts of rocks among the mountains, without fuel and without food. The career of the merciless victors only ceased when the work of destruction was complete. The Chief of the Camerons of Lochiel had the satisfaction of taking Hector MacLean of Lochbuie, 9th Chief, who aided the MacDonalds against his own chief, with several of his followers, prisoners of war, and detained them in chains for six months. Hector MacLean of Lochbuy, however, soon after had ample opportunity of being even with the Chief of the Camerons of Lochiel. Of all the conflicts between these two clans, this, the last, was the most sanguinary and destructive. The MacLeans and their confederates no doubt felt themselves justified in executing signal vengeance upon their enemies, for the treachery displayed during the Battle of Traigh Ghruinneart, and the loss there of so distinguished a chief. They were also forced to make the destruction as complete as possible, for the conduct of Sir James MacDonald, 9th of Dunnyveg had made him popular with his clan, and his actions had met their approval. However deplorable may have been the loss of life, and the sufferings endured by the innocent and helpless, the result was to put a final and effectual end to the struggle between the contending clans. Ever after the Battle of Benbigrie the MacLeans and MacDonalds laid aside their animosities, and lived on the happiest terms of friendship and reciprocal good will. In the year 1599, James VI of Scotland, finding the Royal Exchequer still in a depleted condition, again turned his eyes toward the Western Isles, and decided that the chiefs should be mulcted in a sufficient amount to meet his demands, so he appointed a new commission of lieutenandry over the whole Isles and Highlands of Inverness-shire, which was granted to the Ludovic Stewart, 2nd Duke of Lennox and George Gordon, 1st Marquess of Huntly, the latter having been recently restored to favor. Although the official document, which sets forth the reasons for the action of the king, gives a shocking picture of the Islesmen, yet this clause establishes the true import of the commission: “And besides all their other crimes, they rebelliously withhold from his Majesty a great part of the patrimony and proper rent of the crown, deprive the country of the benefit which might redound thereto, by the trade of fishing, and of other commodities which these bounds render.” And now, at last, a great part of them have banded, conspired, and daily practice, by force and policy, in their barbarous and rebellious form, to disappoint his Majesty’s service in the Lewis. As to the extent which this lieutenandry was acted upon is now uncertain. It is positive, however, that as a matter of justice, but little was due the crown from rents, and the amount demanded was beyond the ability of the chiefs to meet. In 1601, another commission of lieutenandry was granted to the same parties; the South of Argyleshire Isles included under the immediate charge of Lennox. These lieutenants were charged to assist certain colonists who would be better able greatly to augment the king’s rents. Power was given them to use force and pursue the Islesmen with fire and sword. Rewards were offered these commissioners for the faithful performance of the duty assigned to them.
Forfeiture of his estates:
Acting upon his authority, the George Gordon, 1st Marquess of Huntly, who had charge of the northern districts, summoned a convention of estates, to meet at Stirling, Scotland within a given period, under a penalty of forfeiture against an absentee, but many of the northern chiefs, from the distance they had to travel, and the limited period allowed for their appearance, were unable to be in attendance on the day appointed. As Hector Og Maclean owned the lands of Garbhghambluch, in Lochaber, he started at once for Stirling. On arriving there, he met George Gordon, 1st Marquess of Huntly on the street early on the morning that his name was to be called. After George Gordon, 1st Marquess of Huntly had saluted him, MacLean asked him if he thought he would have time to change his clothes before the roll would be called. Huntly answered he had plenty of time. On repairing to his lodging, Hector learned the convention was in session, and immediately hurried to the assembly, and on arriving there found his name had been called. On parting with Hector in the street, Huntly went direct to the convention, and determined at once to put in execution the threat he had uttered against Sir Lachlan Mor Maclean, on account of the latter’s proposal to bring George Gordon, 1st Marquess of Huntly dead or alive, the night after the Battle of Glenlivat; so he ordered MacLean’s name called at once, and as the latter was not present, Huntly immediately applied for the forfeit, procured it, and is still in the possession of it. All the friends and interest that Hector could make, or bring to bear on the king, were never able to reverse the sentence, as Huntly always made great opposition. Thus he felt himself amply revenged on the son of Sir Lachlan Mor Maclean.
Marriage and children:
Maclean’s first marriage was to Janet Mackenzie of Kintail, the second daughter of Colin Cam Mackenzie of Kintail. They had two sons:
Hector Mor Maclean, 16th Clan Chief (circa 1600–1626), his eldest son, who succeeded his father as clan chief.
Sir Lachlan Maclean, 1st Baronet (circa 1600–1649), succeeded his elder brother as the 17th Clan Chief after his brother’s death in 1626 until his own death in 1649.
Maclean’s second marriage was to Isabella Acheson of Gosford. She was the daughter of Sir Archibald Acheson, 1st Baronet. They also had two sons:
Donald MacLean, 1st Laird of Brolas (circa 1600–after 1655) His great-grandson, Sir Allan Maclean, 6th Baronet became the 22nd Clan Chief when the 21st Chief died without an heir.
Sir John Maclean, 1st Baronet (1604-1666). He moved to Sweden and took the name John Hans Makeléer and married Anna Gubbertz (circa 1605-1653).
Death: Hector Og Maclean died in 1623. Research: Wikipedia, 2015

argyll-bute-scotland-coastline

My Maternal Eighth Great Grandfather, Sir Allan MacLean, 3rd Baronet, Scotland

Isle of Mull, Argyll, Scotland
Birth: 1645 in Isle of Mull, Argyllshire, Scotland
Married: 1660 in Duart, Isle of Mull, Scotland to Juliana “Julia” Giles MacLeod
Died: 1674 in Isle of Mull, Argyllshire, Scotland

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“Sir Lachlan Maclean was married to Mary MacLeod, the second daughter of Sir Roderick Macleod of Macleod, 15th Chief, by whom he had two sons and three daughters: 1. Isabella Maclean (c1630-?), who married Sir Ewen Cameron of Lochiel (1629–1719) 2. Mary Maclean, who married Lachlan MacKinnon 3. Marian Maclean, who died young and unmarried 4. Sir Hector Maclean, 2nd Baronet (c1640-1651), his heir and successor 5. Sir Allan Maclean, 3rd Baronet (1645-1674)” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sir_Lachlan_Maclean,_1st_Baronet Modified: 17 September 2016, by Catherine

Sir Allan Maclean, 3rd Baronet of Morvern (1645-1674) was the 19th Clan Chief of Clan Maclean from 1651 to 1674. He married then had as his son: Sir John Maclean, 4th Baronet.

Biography:

He was born in 1645 and became chief at age six by the death of his brother Sir Hector Maclean, 2nd Baronet in 1651. During his minority, the estates were managed by his legal guardians, both uncles: Donald Maclean, 1st Laird of Brolas and Hector MacLean of Lochbuy. The guardians paid off a portion of Duke of Argyle’s claims; but the latter, learning that the late chief had contracted some debts in fitting out his clan for service during the late campaign, prevailed upon the creditors to dispose of their claims. Possessing himself of these debts, Argyle was enabled to augment his claims considerably; but finding, after the battle of Worcester, there was a likelihood of a pecuniary reward for those who adhered to Cromwell’s government, left his persecution of the house of MacLean, to be pursued at some future time, and turned his attention to the prospective grant. Cromwell entered into negotiations with Argyle to bring about the submission of Scotland, and for a consideration of £12,000 the latter agreed to do all within his power for the subjection of his native country. This was one of the charges against him on his trial. He died in 1674. source: Wikipedia)

My Maternal Seventh Great Grandmother, Mary Campbell MacLean, Scotland

Mary Campbell daughter of Donald Campbell and Mary Scott of Killenalin, Ballinaby, Argyllshire, Scotland

Siblings: Malcolm and John Campbell

lismore_mull_scotland

Born: 1665 in Isle of Mull, Argyll, Scotland

Married: 1685 to Alexander MacLean in Isle of Mull, Argyll, Scotland

Children:

MacLean  1685–Deceased   L64M-T78

Robert MacLean 1690–1754  •  M2VQ-D32

Joseph MacLean 1692–1808  •  M2VQ-D3Q

Daniel MacLean 1694–Deceased  •  M2VQ-D95

Charles MacLean1696–Deceased  •  K454-STG

Hugh MacLean1699–1790  •  LHXM-KZX

William MacClean1702–1785  •  LDQX-YDF

Alen Alexander MacLean1703–1754  •  L6G3-6VD
John MacLean1704–Deceased  •  KC62-3JL

Alan MacLean1708–Deceased  •  M2VQ-J52

Thomas MacLean1708–Deceased  •  M2VQ-DQG

Died: after 1708 when her last child, Thomas MacLean, was born in Isle of Mull, Argyll, Scotland

duart_castle_mull_scotland

Duart Castle, Isle of Mull, Scotland

My Maternal Seventh Great Grandfather, Alexander MacLean, Scotland

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Alexander MacLean aka McLean

Birth: 1663 Isle of Mull, Argyll, Scotland

Married: 1685 to Mary Campbell in Isle of Mull, Argyll, Scotland.
Children: Robert, Joseph, Daniel, Charles, Hugh, William, Alan Alexander, John, Alan, Thomas, and Kristine MacLean.
 
 
Mull is the second largest island of the Inner Hebrides, off the west coast of Scotland in the council area of Argyll and Bute.  source: Wikipedia
Northern Ireland is one of the four constituent parts of the United Kingdom (together with England, Scotland and Wales). Northern Ireland, is of fairly recent origin, coming out of the partition of the island of Ireland in 1921. Northern Ireland was retained as part of the UK, and the rest of Ireland, became an independent state, and was known as the Irish Free State in 1922, and after 1949, the Republic of Ireland. The official language is English.
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My Maternal Sixth Great Grandmother, Anne Thomson MacLean

My maternal sixth great grandmother. Name: Anna Thomson (aka NC Thomas)

Birth Date: 05 Dec 1703
Christening Date: 10 Dec 1703
Christening Place: EDINBURGH PARISH, 
EDINBURGH, MIDLOTHIAN, SCOTLAND

Residence in Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland

Father’s Name: David Thomson
Mother’s Name: Janet Lowrie
Indexing Project (Batch) Number: C11978-9 , System Origin: Scotland-VR , GS Film number: 1066665 , Reference ID: 2:17N6JFT
Scotland, Births and Baptisms, 1564-1950
Citing this Record
“Scotland, Births and Baptisms, 1564-1950,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/XTPJ-1JF : accessed 04 Nov 2014), Anna Thomson, 05 Dec 1703; citing , reference 2:17N6JFT; FHL microfilm 1066665. 

Census 1800
Name: Anna Mclean
Event Place: New York Ward 6, New York, New York
Page Number: 803
Affiliate Publication Number: M32 , Affiliate Film Number: 23 , GS Film number: 193711 , Digital Folder Number: 004440840 , Image Number: 00184

Anne’s parents were David Thomson and Janet Lowrie (aka Laurie).

Her grandparents were Patrick Thomson and Agnes Stewart of Scotland.

Her great grandparents were Daniel Thomson and Catharine Hoode.

Hugh and Anne MacLean had seven children in Scotland: Lachlane, Duncan, Catharine, Anne, Jane, John, and Elspeth MacLean.

They emigrated from Scotland in 1749 to New York. Hugh and Anne MacLean, aka McLean, both died in New York. Burial site unknown.

Married: Hugh (Hew) MacLean about 1721 in Scotland.

Died: after 1800 in New York (Resided in 1800 Census for New York)

Buried: New York (exact location unknown)

My Maternal Fifth Great Grandmother, Catherine McLean Linderman, New York

isle of bute, scotland

 Name Hew Mclean
Gender Male
Wife Margrat Campbell
Daughter Catharine Mclean
Other information in the record of
from Scotland Births and Baptisms
Name Catharine Mclean
Gender Female
Christening Date 02 Apr 1724
Christening Place JURA,ARGYLL,SCOTLAND
Father’s Name Hew Mclean
Mother’s Name Margrat Campbell
Citing this Record
“Scotland Births and Baptisms, 1564-1950,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XYCL-M4R : 2 January 2015), Hew Mclean in entry for Catharine Mclean, 02 Apr 1724; citing JURA,ARGYLL,SCOTLAND, reference ; FHL microfilm 1,041,078

Born: 1724 in Rothesay, Isle of Bute, Scotland.

Christened: 2 April 1724 in Jura, Argyll, Scotland.
Daughter of Hugh (Hew) McLean and Anne Thomson of Rothesay, Isle of Bute, Scotland.

Hugh McLean was born in 1700 in Rothesay, Isle of Bute, Scotland.
Anne Thomson McLean was born on 10 October 1703 in Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Scotland.

Anne’s parents were David Thomson born on 16 October 1686, in Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Scotland; and Janet Laurie born in 1681 in Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.

Hugh and Anne Thomson McLean had seven children in Scotland: Lachlane, Duncan, Catharine, Anne, Jane, John, and Elspeth McLean. They emigrated from Scotland in 1749 to New York.

Hugh and Anne McLean both died in New York, but I don’t know the date or their burial location.

Wife of Johann Jacob Linderman. Married 1743 in Lancaster, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.

They had twelve children: Justus, Elisabeth, Cornelius, Cornelia, Jacob, Peter, Henrik “Henry”, Sarah, Ezekiel, Peggy, Jenny, and Catharine Linderman. All born in Montgomery, Orange County, New York.

The town of Rothesay Listeni/ˈrɒθ.si/ (Scottish Gaelic: Baile Bhòid) is the principal town on the Isle of Bute, in the council area of Argyll and Bute, Scotland. It can be reached by ferry from Wemyss Bay which offers an onward rail link to Glasgow. At the centre of the town is Rothesay Castle, a ruined castle which dates back to the 13th century, and which is unique in Scotland for its circular plan. Rothesay lies along the coast of the Firth of Clyde.

Family links:
Spouse:
Johann Jacob Linderman (1720 – 1792)

Children:
Ezekiel Linderman (1768 – 1848)

Justus Linderman (1743-1782)

Elizabeth “Bette” Linderman (Bentzel) (1754-1845)

Cornelius Linderman Sr. (1756-1848)

Cornelia Linderman (1756-    )

Peter Linderman (1757-1848)

Jacob Linderman Jr. (1760-    )

Heinrich “Henry” Linderman (1764-1844)

Sarah Linderman (Young) (1766-    )

Peggy Linderman

Jenny Linderman

Catherine Linderman (Martin) (1784-1862)

Burial: 

Death: Nov. 9, 1792

Montgomery
Orange County
New York, USA 

Created by: TEXAS TUDORS
Record added: Nov 23, 2012
Find A Grave Memorial# 101185441

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=101185441

http://www.scotland-info.co.uk/bute.htm

The Scots/Irish Emigration of the 1700’s

GFS Linda, Co-leader Scot and Irish SIG, AOL  Genealogy Forum.

Introduction

Most of this history is a direct paste from a review of the movie, “God’s Frontiersmen” which was written by Rory Fitzpatrick. The movie was shown on Irish TV, edited, and sent to GFS Linda by an Irish cousin of hers from Belfast. The movie was then viewed and written up by GFS Linda for her forum on America On Line. She has graciously shared it with me and given me her permission to use her material on this page.

A few terms for your understanding: S/I = Scots-Irish, purely a U.S. term used to distinguish the Presbyterian/Protestant Irish, mostly from Northern Ireland, who emigrated to the U.S. in the 1700’s as separate and distinct from earlier and later Catholic emigrants.

Papists = Roman Catholics. You should understand that much of what happened in Scotland which resulted in the emigration to Ireland was the result of the English King realizing that the Pope held a “higher” position than that of the King of England. With that thought came the outlawing of the Catholic Church in the whole of the British Isles.

Ulstermen or Ulster-Scots = Another name for the Scots-Irish, since Ulster was the part of Northern Ireland in which the Scots were settled by the British. And Ulster Scots is the name by which the Scots-Irish are known in the United Kingdom.

Orangemen = This name for the Scots-Irish comes from William III, Prince of Orange, and is kept because his victory over despotic power laid the foundation for the evolution of Constitutional Democracy in the British Isles. [O.K. Some of this rhetoric is rather radical, but that is the nature of the people.]

The Scots

The People

In the early 1600’s, the border between Scotland and England was in terrible trouble. It was impossible to live peacefully and normally. In order to survive, the border people became “Border Reevers” (Robbers) and turned their hands to cattle, stealing, kidnapping, protectionism and fraud. Because of their way of life, they made excellent frontiersmen, guerrilla fighters and scouts. [However, the English had no use for people with such professions on their borders.] The most famous of these border clans were the Armstrongs, the Bells, the Grahams, and the Johnstons. The most notorious of the clans were the Pringles.

When James I of England (who was the Scottish King James VI and son of Mary, Queen of Scots) came to the throne in 1603, the border was finally “pacified”. Many people were killed and others sent to low countries. Whole families were sent to Ireland with the hopes that they would settle down to farming and be peaceful. However, their previous way of life had become so ingrained, they became the hard core of the Scots/Irish settlers. They were the best frontier fighters in Britain, if not in Europe.

The Emigration to the Colonies

The Start

The English landowners no longer had a need for the soldier farmers. There had been no harvest for 5 years due to the ravages of war and several severe winters. [This area of the Scots/Irish was hit by the same bad weather as the Palatines were in Germany].

This recreated the need for emigration in the early days of the 1700’s. Many paid passage by agreeing to 4 years as indentured servants in order to take advantage of the fertile and free land in the US. [In this we see many parallels between the Palatine migration and the Scots/Irish migration.

Both groups were non-conformist Protestants. Both groups were hit hard by warfare and religious persecution, and both groups were mainly farmers who had, in a final insult, been hit hard by severe weather.]

The Voyage

[Here, the movie “God’s Frontiersmen” describe a rather severe ocean voyage. This voyage is so severe that you may think it was extremely atypical. Not true.

The records left by the Palatines have similar references to bad ocean voyages, and even in the best of trips, which lasted 2 to 3 weeks; the ships were overloaded with people, the rations were short or just barely enough, the food was vermin ridden, and the water was stagnant and scummy.]

The ship “Sully” set sail for PA on the 31st of May and at first was blown off course northward. The weather turned very cold and icebergs were sighted. By the 10th of Aug. the weather had turned very warm and their rations were down to 1 1/2# of bread per passenger per week. 2 weeks later, the ration was cut even further. In the next 12 days, they were reduced to 2 biscuits per week. Hunger and thirst reduced them to shadows. Many killed themselves by drinking salt water or their own urine. They were saved only by a providential rain.

On Sept. 2, they finally saw land. Their journey had lasted 14 weeks or 3 1/2 months. [The film didn’t bring this out, but the Palatines tell of the disembarkation process at their destination.

First the ones who could pay full price were allowed to pay and get off the boat. Next the healthy ones were sold to their new masters for the full fee. Then unhealthy ones were sold at auction. This process often took several weeks. If one of the family died, the rest of the family members were held accountable for passage fees of the deceased.] However, like the Germans, the Ulstermen thought they had found the promised land.

The Settlement

The Scots/Irish occupied the hills around the settlements in PA, and later they did the same in Maryland. They chose that which most closely resembled the areas from which they’d come.

Those Irish who had indentured themselves to reach the US, set out for the frontier immediately on fulfilling their Indenture. The “frontier” was 40-50 mi. west of Philadelphia, and south in the foothills of the mountains in Western Maryland. They marked their property by cutting their initials in trees on the boundary of what they considered to be theirs, then cut circles in the bark to kill the tree. They refused to pay for the land, since God owned it.

Immigrant Irish wives spun flax, milled the corn, worked in the fields and bore 10-15 children. They also educated their own children. The Irish fell trees and cleared ’round the stumps, rather than clearing the land properly, as the German immigrants had learned to do. Home made whiskey was important for trade and made a harsh life more tolerable.

The Ulstermen were known for drinking, arguing, singing and dancing but neighbors gathered to clear land, build houses, harvest crops and THEN they partied.

The first Ulster settlement was in Donegal, PA – the Susquehanna being a barrier, and beyond which lay the rich Cumberland Valley. Eventually, a ferry opened the Cumberland Valley to the Scots/Irish and it became their heartland.

The Scots/Irish were used unknowingly to form a cordon around the English and the Germans. [Actually the Germans were settled a little further inland than the English, to provide a buffer between the English and the Indians, and the Irish were settled a little further into the frontier than even the Germans. Another example of the English solving two problems at once.]

For every Native American killed, 50 Irish settlers were either killed or kidnapped by Native Americans and a kind of literal bankruptcy took place in the Scots/Irish which would be termed racist genocide today.

The Scots/Irish moved down the Cumberland to VA and Carolina. From PA to SC, they dominated. In the Shenandoah Valley between the Blue Ridge and Appalachian Mtns., two land grants existed.

During the 1740’s, here lived the Lyles, the Lusks, the Trimbles, and the Houstons. [Here we see another pattern developing. The old reevers of the Scots-English border, became the frontiersmen and the mountain men. The tenant farmers of the Scots settled in many of the same areas as the Palatines because of their similar history and disposition.

However, even among the farmers, the Scots tended to be more scrappy than the Germans, as the Presbyterian Scots never had a pacifist background as did the Anabaptist Palatines.]

The Scottish Record Office has made available some services online.

GENERAL REGISTER OFFICE FOR SCOTLAND INTERNET SERVICE

Internet service was formally launched by Henry McLeish, Minister of State at The Scottish Office 6 April 1999, with public access.

The service provides access to a fully searchable index of births/baptisms and banns/marriages from the Old Parish Registers dating from 1553 to1854, and births, marriages and deaths from the Statutory Index for 1855 to 1897. An index to census records for 1891 is available, along with 1881 census data.

	Searching is possible on the following fields
Surname Event type (birth/baptism, marriage, death) Sex Forename
Year of Registration (or range of years) Age (or age range) Registration District County (Old Parish Record)

This index constitutes one of the world’s largest databases of genealogical information, including nearly 30 million names.

Users may order register extracts (e.g. a birth certificate, a census entry) from the GRO(S) via the Web.

Payment for the service is by credit card, using a highly secure payment mechanism. Credit card details are transmitted in encrypted form, making this method more secure than using a credit card in a store or restaurant.

This venture was initiated and operated by OMS Services Ltd. The application is being developed by RTA, an associate company of OMS.

MORE INFORMATION General Register Office for Scotland Deputy Registrar General New Register House, Edinburgh EH1 3YT, UK Tel: +44(0)131-314 4434 Fax: +44(0)131-314 4405 Web http://www.gro-scotland.gov.uk/
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