My Maternal 6th. Great Grandmother, Anne Thomson MacLean

My maternal sixth great grandmother. Name: Anna Thomson (aka NC Thomas)

Birth Date: 05 Dec 1703
Christening Date: 10 Dec 1703
Christening Place: EDINBURGH PARISH, 
EDINBURGH, MIDLOTHIAN, SCOTLAND

Residence in Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland

Father’s Name: David Thomson
Mother’s Name: Janet Lowrie
Indexing Project (Batch) Number: C11978-9 , System Origin: Scotland-VR , GS Film number: 1066665 , Reference ID: 2:17N6JFT
Scotland, Births and Baptisms, 1564-1950
Citing this Record
“Scotland, Births and Baptisms, 1564-1950,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/XTPJ-1JF : accessed 04 Nov 2014), Anna Thomson, 05 Dec 1703; citing , reference 2:17N6JFT; FHL microfilm 1066665. 

Census 1800
Name: Anna Mclean
Event Place: New York Ward 6, New York, New York
Page Number: 803
Affiliate Publication Number: M32 , Affiliate Film Number: 23 , GS Film number: 193711 , Digital Folder Number: 004440840 , Image Number: 00184

Anne’s parents were David Thomson and Janet Lowrie (aka Laurie).

Her grandparents were Patrick Thomson and Agnes Stewart of Scotland.

Her great grandparents were Daniel Thomson and Catharine Hoode.

Hugh and Anne MacLean had seven children in Scotland: Lachlane, Duncan, Catharine, Anne, Jane, John, and Elspeth MacLean.

They emigrated from Scotland in 1749 to New York. Hugh and Anne MacLean, aka McLean, both died in New York. Burial site unknown.

Married: Hugh (Hew) MacLean about 1721 in Scotland.

Died: after 1800 in New York (Resided in 1800 Census for New York)

Buried: New York (exact location unknown)

My Maternal 5th. Great Grandmother, Catherine MacLean (Linderman)

isle of bute, scotland

 Name Hew Mclean
Gender Male
Wife Margrat Campbell
Daughter Catharine Mclean
Other information in the record of
from Scotland Births and Baptisms
Name Catharine Mclean
Gender Female
Christening Date 02 Apr 1724
Christening Place JURA,ARGYLL,SCOTLAND
Father’s Name Hew Mclean
Mother’s Name Margrat Campbell
Citing this Record
“Scotland Births and Baptisms, 1564-1950,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XYCL-M4R : 2 January 2015), Hew Mclean in entry for Catharine Mclean, 02 Apr 1724; citing JURA,ARGYLL,SCOTLAND, reference ; FHL microfilm 1,041,078

Born: 1724 in Rothesay, Isle of Bute, Scotland.

Christened: 2 April 1724 in Jura, Argyll, Scotland.
Daughter of Hugh (Hew) McLean and Anne Thomson of Rothesay, Isle of Bute, Scotland.

Hugh McLean was born in 1700 in Rothesay, Isle of Bute, Scotland.
Anne Thomson McLean was born on 10 October 1703 in Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Scotland.

Anne’s parents were David Thomson born on 16 October 1686, in Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Scotland; and Janet Laurie born in 1681 in Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland.

Hugh and Anne Thomson McLean had seven children in Scotland: Lachlane, Duncan, Catharine, Anne, Jane, John, and Elspeth McLean. They emigrated from Scotland in 1749 to New York.

Hugh and Anne McLean both died in New York, but I don’t know the date or their burial location.

Wife of Johann Jacob Linderman. Married 1743 in Lancaster, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.

They had fifteen children: Johann Justus, Elisabeth (Bentzel), Cornelius, Cornelia, Jacob, Peter, Johannes “John”, Henrik “Henry”, David, Sarah, Ezekiel, Peggy, Jenny, Mary “Polly”, and Catharine Linderman. All born in Montgomery, Orange County, New York.

The town of Rothesay Listeni/ˈrɒθ.si/ (Scottish Gaelic: Baile Bhòid) is the principal town on the Isle of Bute, in the council area of Argyll and Bute, Scotland. It can be reached by ferry from Wemyss Bay which offers an onward rail link to Glasgow. At the centre of the town is Rothesay Castle, a ruined castle which dates back to the 13th century, and which is unique in Scotland for its circular plan. Rothesay lies along the coast of the Firth of Clyde.

Family links:
Spouse:
Johann Jacob Linderman (1720 – 1792)

Children:
Ezekiel Linderman (1768 – 1848)

Justus Linderman (1743-1782)

Elizabeth “Bette” Linderman (Bentzel) (1754-1845)

Cornelius Linderman Sr. (1756-1848)

Cornelia Linderman (1756-    )

Peter Linderman (1757-1848)

Jacob Linderman Jr. (1760-    )

Heinrich “Henry” Linderman (1764-1844)

Sarah Linderman (Young) (1766-    )

Peggy Linderman

Jenny Linderman

Catherine Linderman (Martin) (1784-1862)

Death: Nov. 9, 1792

Montgomery
Orange County
New York, USA 

Burial:
Germantown Cemetery
Montgomery
Orange County
New York, USA
Created by: Texas Tudors
Record added: Nov 23, 2012
Find A Grave Memorial# 101185441

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=101185441

http://www.scotland-info.co.uk/bute.htm

The Scots/Irish Emigration of the 1700’s

GFS Linda, Co-leader Scot and Irish SIG, AOL  Genealogy Forum.

Introduction

Most of this history is a direct paste from a review of the movie, “God’s Frontiersmen” which was written by Rory Fitzpatrick. The movie was shown on Irish TV, edited, and sent to GFS Linda by an Irish cousin of hers from Belfast. The movie was then viewed and written up by GFS Linda for her forum on America On Line. She has graciously shared it with me and given me her permission to use her material on this page.

A few terms for your understanding: S/I = Scots-Irish, purely a U.S. term used to distinguish the Presbyterian/Protestant Irish, mostly from Northern Ireland, who emigrated to the U.S. in the 1700’s as separate and distinct from earlier and later Catholic emigrants.

Papists = Roman Catholics. You should understand that much of what happened in Scotland which resulted in the emigration to Ireland was the result of the English King realizing that the Pope held a “higher” position than that of the King of England. With that thought came the outlawing of the Catholic Church in the whole of the British Isles.

Ulstermen or Ulster-Scots = Another name for the Scots-Irish, since Ulster was the part of Northern Ireland in which the Scots were settled by the British. And Ulster Scots is the name by which the Scots-Irish are known in the United Kingdom.

Orangemen = This name for the Scots-Irish comes from William III, Prince of Orange, and is kept because his victory over despotic power laid the foundation for the evolution of Constitutional Democracy in the British Isles. [O.K. Some of this rhetoric is rather radical, but that is the nature of the people.]

The Scots

The People

In the early 1600’s, the border between Scotland and England was in terrible trouble. It was impossible to live peacefully and normally. In order to survive, the border people became “Border Reevers” (Robbers) and turned their hands to cattle, stealing, kidnapping, protectionism and fraud. Because of their way of life, they made excellent frontiersmen, guerrilla fighters and scouts. [However, the English had no use for people with such professions on their borders.] The most famous of these border clans were the Armstrongs, the Bells, the Grahams, and the Johnstons. The most notorious of the clans were the Pringles.

When James I of England (who was the Scottish King James VI and son of Mary, Queen of Scots) came to the throne in 1603, the border was finally “pacified”. Many people were killed and others sent to low countries. Whole families were sent to Ireland with the hopes that they would settle down to farming and be peaceful. However, their previous way of life had become so ingrained, they became the hard core of the Scots/Irish settlers. They were the best frontier fighters in Britain, if not in Europe.

The Emigration to the Colonies

The Start

The English landowners no longer had a need for the soldier farmers. There had been no harvest for 5 years due to the ravages of war and several severe winters. [This area of the Scots/Irish was hit by the same bad weather as the Palatines were in Germany].

This recreated the need for emigration in the early days of the 1700’s. Many paid passage by agreeing to 4 years as indentured servants in order to take advantage of the fertile and free land in the US. [In this we see many parallels between the Palatine migration and the Scots/Irish migration.

Both groups were non-conformist Protestants. Both groups were hit hard by warfare and religious persecution, and both groups were mainly farmers who had, in a final insult, been hit hard by severe weather.]

The Voyage

[Here, the movie “God’s Frontiersmen” describe a rather severe ocean voyage. This voyage is so severe that you may think it was extremely atypical. Not true.

The records left by the Palatines have similar references to bad ocean voyages, and even in the best of trips, which lasted 2 to 3 weeks; the ships were overloaded with people, the rations were short or just barely enough, the food was vermin ridden, and the water was stagnant and scummy.]

The ship “Sully” set sail for PA on the 31st of May and at first was blown off course northward. The weather turned very cold and icebergs were sighted. By the 10th of Aug. the weather had turned very warm and their rations were down to 1 1/2# of bread per passenger per week. 2 weeks later, the ration was cut even further. In the next 12 days, they were reduced to 2 biscuits per week. Hunger and thirst reduced them to shadows. Many killed themselves by drinking salt water or their own urine. They were saved only by a providential rain.

On Sept. 2, they finally saw land. Their journey had lasted 14 weeks or 3 1/2 months. [The film didn’t bring this out, but the Palatines tell of the disembarkation process at their destination.

First the ones who could pay full price were allowed to pay and get off the boat. Next the healthy ones were sold to their new masters for the full fee. Then unhealthy ones were sold at auction. This process often took several weeks. If one of the family died, the rest of the family members were held accountable for passage fees of the deceased.] However, like the Germans, the Ulstermen thought they had found the promised land.

The Settlement

The Scots/Irish occupied the hills around the settlements in PA, and later they did the same in Maryland. They chose that which most closely resembled the areas from which they’d come.

Those Irish who had indentured themselves to reach the US, set out for the frontier immediately on fulfilling their Indenture. The “frontier” was 40-50 mi. west of Philadelphia, and south in the foothills of the mountains in Western Maryland. They marked their property by cutting their initials in trees on the boundary of what they considered to be theirs, then cut circles in the bark to kill the tree. They refused to pay for the land, since God owned it.

Immigrant Irish wives spun flax, milled the corn, worked in the fields and bore 10-15 children. They also educated their own children. The Irish fell trees and cleared ’round the stumps, rather than clearing the land properly, as the German immigrants had learned to do. Home made whiskey was important for trade and made a harsh life more tolerable.

The Ulstermen were known for drinking, arguing, singing and dancing but neighbors gathered to clear land, build houses, harvest crops and THEN they partied.

The first Ulster settlement was in Donegal, PA – the Susquehanna being a barrier, and beyond which lay the rich Cumberland Valley. Eventually, a ferry opened the Cumberland Valley to the Scots/Irish and it became their heartland.

The Scots/Irish were used unknowingly to form a cordon around the English and the Germans. [Actually the Germans were settled a little further inland than the English, to provide a buffer between the English and the Indians, and the Irish were settled a little further into the frontier than even the Germans. Another example of the English solving two problems at once.]

For every Native American killed, 50 Irish settlers were either killed or kidnapped by Native Americans and a kind of literal bankruptcy took place in the Scots/Irish which would be termed racist genocide today.

The Scots/Irish moved down the Cumberland to VA and Carolina. From PA to SC, they dominated. In the Shenandoah Valley between the Blue Ridge and Appalachian Mtns., two land grants existed.

During the 1740’s, here lived the Lyles, the Lusks, the Trimbles, and the Houstons. [Here we see another pattern developing. The old reevers of the Scots-English border, became the frontiersmen and the mountain men. The tenant farmers of the Scots settled in many of the same areas as the Palatines because of their similar history and disposition.

However, even among the farmers, the Scots tended to be more scrappy than the Germans, as the Presbyterian Scots never had a pacifist background as did the Anabaptist Palatines.]

The Scottish Record Office has made available some services online.

GENERAL REGISTER OFFICE FOR SCOTLAND INTERNET SERVICE

Internet service was formally launched by Henry McLeish, Minister of State at The Scottish Office 6 April 1999, with public access.

The service provides access to a fully searchable index of births/baptisms and banns/marriages from the Old Parish Registers dating from 1553 to1854, and births, marriages and deaths from the Statutory Index for 1855 to 1897. An index to census records for 1891 is available, along with 1881 census data.

	Searching is possible on the following fields
Surname Event type (birth/baptism, marriage, death) Sex Forename
Year of Registration (or range of years) Age (or age range) Registration District County (Old Parish Record)

This index constitutes one of the world’s largest databases of genealogical information, including nearly 30 million names.

Users may order register extracts (e.g. a birth certificate, a census entry) from the GRO(S) via the Web.

Payment for the service is by credit card, using a highly secure payment mechanism. Credit card details are transmitted in encrypted form, making this method more secure than using a credit card in a store or restaurant.

This venture was initiated and operated by OMS Services Ltd. The application is being developed by RTA, an associate company of OMS.

MORE INFORMATION General Register Office for Scotland Deputy Registrar General New Register House, Edinburgh EH1 3YT, UK Tel: +44(0)131-314 4434 Fax: +44(0)131-314 4405 Web http://www.gro-scotland.gov.uk/
	OMS Services Ltd Dr Ian Galbraith, Managing Director 
	87 Moss Lane, Pinner, Middlesex HA5 3AT, UK  
	Tel: +44(0)181-866 5830 Fax: +44(0)181-868 1160  email: ian@aecserve.com 
	Web: www.aecserve.com/oms/who.html  
 Links:

My Maternal 6th. Great Grandfather, Hugh “Hew” MacLean

English: Corehouse in Lanarkshire, Scotland. T...English: River Clyde Near CrawfordEnglish: New Lanark World Heritage village in ...English: New Lanark and the River Clyde The Wo...

Hugh MacLean (aka Hew and Heugh McLean)

Born: April 1699 in Tyree, Argyll, Scotland.

Christened: 16 April 1699 in Tyree, Argyll, Scotland.

Married: Anne Thomson

She was born on 5 December 1703 in Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Scotland.

Christened: 10 December 1703 in Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland. 

Hugh and Anne (Thomson) MacLean had seven children in Scotland: Lachlane, Duncan, Catharine, Anne, Jane, John, and Elspeth McLean.

They emigrated from Scotland in 1749 to New York. Hugh and Anne (Thomson) MacLean both died in New York, but I don’t know the date or their exact burial location. Hugh died after 1790 Census in New York. Anne died after 1800 Census for New York.

LANARKSHIRE

Lanarkshire, inland co. in SW. of Scotland; is bounded N. by Dumbartonshire and Stirlingshire, E. by Linlithgowshire, 

Edinburghshire, and Peeblesshire, S. by Dumfriesshire, and W. by Ayrshire and Renfrewshire; greatest length, NW. and SE., 52 miles; greatest breadth, NE. and SW., 34 miles; area, 564,284 ac., pop. 904,412.

Lanarkshire is often called Clydesdale, occupying, as it does, the valley of the Clyde, which traverses the county from SE. to NW., and receives numerous tributary streams, including the Douglas, Avon, and Calder.

The surface rises towards the S., where the Lowther or Lead Hills reach an alt. of 2403 ft.

The Upper Ward is chiefly hill or moorland, affording excellent pasture for sheep; the Middle Ward contains the orchards for which Clydesdale has long been famous; and in the Lower Ward are some rich alluvial lands along the Clyde; but all over the county a considerable proportion of the soil is moist, marshy, and barren. Dairy-farming is prosecuted with success. (For agricultural statistics, see Appendix.)

The minerals are very valuable; coal and iron are wrought to such an extent that Lanarkshire is one of the principal seats of the iron trade; lead is mined in the Upper Ward. The co. comprises 40 pars. and 4 parts, the parl. and mun. burgh of Glasgow (7 members, and Glasgow University, with that of Aberdeen, 1 member), the parl. and police burghs of Airdrie, Hamilton, and Lanark (part of the Falkirk Burghs), the parl. and police burgh of Rutherglen (part of the Kilmarnock Burghs), and the police burghs of Biggar, Govan, Govanhill, Hillhead, Maryhill, Motherwell, Partick, and Wishaw. For parl. purposes it is divided into 6 divisions – viz., Govan, Partick, North-Western, North-Eastern, Mid, and Southern, 1 member for each division. The representation of Lanarkshire was increased from 2 to 6 members in 1885.”

John Bartholomew’s Gazetteer of the British Isles, 1887

http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/sct/LKS/

Cemeteries

The names of some Cemeteries in Glasgowsome in North Lanarkshire and some in South Lanarkshire.

Census

There has been a census every ten years since 1801, excluding 1941. The latest that is currently available is for 1911. The censuses for 1841 to 1911 are available (for a small fee) on the web from Scotlands People. Scottish census returns are held at New Register House and copies on microfilm may be consulted in LDS Family History Centers around the world. In the Lanarkshire area microfilm copies can be consulted at a number of locations in Glasgow and at a number of local libraries.

Church History

The church has, over the centuries, exercised a great influence in the development of Scotland and its people. But this “influence” has been a two-way process, where the people have also had their say in a manner which reflects something basic about the Scottish people – always compassionate yet often at odds with each other. The church (and others areas such as education and the law) is an area where the cultural difference between Scotland and England can easily be seen, with the national “established” church – the Church of Scotland – being Presbyterian in form of government. This does not, however, mean that all Presbyterians belong to the national church.

The rights of the people are important in Scotland where, in theory at least, the people and not parliament are sovereign. The people have also stood their ground, in the days of the Covenanters, to ensure that government of their national church was controlled by the people and their clergy and not by the aristocracy of the country. The Covenanters were strong in the Lanarkshire area and often suffered for their beliefs and rights, including in the Battle of Bothwell Bridge.

Church Records

The Kirk Session is the governing body of a Presbyterian church and consists of the minister of the parish and the ordained elders of the congregation. It looks after the general spiritual well being of the congregation and, particularly in centuries past, parochial discipline. Kirk Sessions meet on a regular basis with additional meetings at other times, including Communion, and each of these meetings is carefully minuted. Most Church of Scotland Kirk Session records are held in the Scottish Record Office in Edinburgh and can be fascinating reading. Records for churches within the Presbytery of Glasgow are kept in the Glasgow Archives.

Civil Registration

Registration of Births, Marriages and Deaths began in Scotland on 1st January 1855. For details of these and other records held and available for search at the General Register Office in Edinburgh.

For the old “Strathclyde Region” area (which included Lanarkshire) facilities exist in Glasgow to search and view some of these records on computer index and microfiche.

An Analytical Index to the Lanarkshire Statutory Registers of Death for the years 1855 and 1856 are commercially available on microfiche from wayne.mckirdy@paradise.net.nz

Court Records

Records of testaments, inventories etc. are held at the National Archives of Scotland.

Gazetteers

The modern Gazetteer for Scotland provides comprehensive information on both old and modern-day Scotland. Take some time to fully explore its features in depth.

 Genealogy

Useful sources for genealogical research can be found throughout Lanarkshire.  Some local libraries have family history research resources specific to their area

A wide range of resources can be found in the City of Glasgow.

If you’re looking for somewhere to discuss things genealogical and historical about the county, check the Lanarkshire Mailing List

The main phone books for the Lanarkshire area are the Glasgow North, Glasgow South and Clyde Valley. You can also find the UK Phone Book online.

The Statistical Accounts for Scotland 1791-1799 and 1845 are available online.

History

1781- first ironstone works in Lanarkshire started at Wilsontown in Carnwath. 

1879 – 314 iron-works with 5149 puddling furnaces and 846 rolling mills in operation in Lanarkshire.

1881- 392 coal pits and 9 fireclay pits in operation in Lanarkshire.

The iron industry in Lanarkshire was second in size only to that of Ayrshire.

If you’re looking for somewhere to discuss things genealogical and historical about the county, check the Lanarkshire Mailing List

Occupations

The Mining Industry

Lists of coal mines operating in Lanarkshire in 1896 for – eastern Lanarkshire and western Lanarkshire.

Lists of metalliferous mines operating in Lanarkshire in 1896 for – eastern Lanarkshire and western Lanarkshire.

Societies

There are two family history societies based in the Lanarkshire area:- 

 In modern times, it was bounded to the north by Stirlingshire and a detached portion of Dunbartonshire, to the northeast by Stirlingshire, West Lothian, to the east by Peeblesshire, to the southeast and south by Dumfriesshire, to the southwest by Dumfriesshire and Ayrshire and to the west by Ayrshire, Renfrewshire and Dunbartonshire.

Lanarkshire was historically divided between two administrative areas then in the mid-18th century, was divided again into three wards: the upper, middle and lower wards with their administrative Centres at LanarkHamilton and Glasgow respectively and remained this way until the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889.

Other significant settlements include East GilbrideMotherwellAirdrieCoatbridgeCumbernauld,

BlantyreCambuslangRutherglen and Wishaw.  

source: Wikipedia

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